Um estudo sobre obesidade identificou paridade e raça como fatores associados em mulheres de renda baixa na cidade de São Paulo. Esse estudo foi a tese de Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, orientado por Isabela Martins Bensenor na Faculdade de Medicina da USP. A publicação encontra-se no Nutrition Research do mês de janeiro de 2007, cujo resumo segue abaixo.
Maiores informações e o texto com Profa Isabela Bensenor em
firstname.lastname@example.org . O autor do blogue é co-autor do estudo.
Race and parity as risk factors for obesity among low-income women in Brazil Alessandra C. Goulart, Fernando M. Silvaa, Isac de Castro, Paulo A. Lotufo Marly A. Cardoso, Isabela M. Bensenor In recent years, several reports have indicated that obesity and associated chronic diseases presented a huge increase worldwide, especially in low-income women living in undeveloped countries. The aim of this study was to verify, in a cross-sectional way, the association among obesity, diet, lifestyle and socioeconomic factors among 116 low-income women (mean age, 42.6 F 13.4 years) living in a deprived neighborhood in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo, the main city in Brazil. The sample was categorized in 3 strata according to body mass index (V25.0, 25-29.9, and z30.0 kg/m2). Anthropometric measurements and cardiovascular risk factors, as well as diet, lifestyle, and sociodemographic characteristics, were compared. Frequency of obesity was 28.4%—higher than the frequency of obesity observed in other Brazilian population samples. After multivariate adjustment, compared with women with less than 3 childbirths, women with 3 childbirths or more were more overweight (odds ratio [OR], 3.4; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.2-9.6) and more obese (OR, 5.3; 95% CI, 1.3-17.5). Compared to black women, white women were also more obese (OR, 9.9; 95% CI, 1.5-64.6). In this sample of low-income women, parity and race were the most important factors associated with obesity.