sexta-feira, 25 de maio de 2007

FDA também "acha" que Avandia aumenta o risco cardiovascular.

Voltando ao tema "Avandia". Despacho dessa tarde (25/05) da Reuters é reproduzido abaixo na íntegra para revelar a absoluta confusão reinante no órgão regulador americano. Para quem acha há despreparados e incompetentes somente abaixo do Equador, ao menos um consolo. Entidades científicas estão pedindo avaliação por pares sem conflito de interesse com o tema.
FDA review also shows Glaxo diabetes drug risk
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A U.S. Food and Drug Administration preliminary analysis found a level of heart-attack risk with GlaxoSmithKline Plc's diabetes drug Avandia similar to what was reported in a study earlier this week, the agency confirmed on Friday. FDA spokeswoman Julie Zawisza stressed that other data conflicted with that finding, and officials still were weighing whether to take any action. A Cleveland Clinic analysis released Monday said the drug increased the chances of having a heart attack by 43 percent. Speaking on the Senate floor late on Thursday, Republican Sen. Charles Grassley of Iowa said preliminary findings from an FDA analysis of Glaxo's clinical trials found a 40 percent increased risk, while the company puts the figure at about 30 percent. "Those numbers seem like a high enough threshold to me for the FDA to warn the American people of the possibility of a problem," Grassley said. The FDA's Zawisza confirmed that the agency's evaluation of Glaxo's clinical trials found a higher risk of about 40 percent. But she said "this alone is not conclusive" and officials are trying to reconcile that with clinical trial data that did not show an elevated risk. "We don't have the scientific data upon which to make any conclusions or decisions yet," she said via e-mail. If a 40 percent risk were confirmed, it would mean that a person with diabetes who does not take the drug has about a 1 percent risk of having a heart attack or other, similar problem, while someone who takes the drug would have a 1.4 percent risk, Zawisza said.Grassley also said some FDA scientists recommended months ago that Avandia carry the strongest possible warning, a "black-box," about heart-attack risk. Zawisza said she could not comment on "ongoing regulatory matters" such as whether staff had recommended a black box. Grassley also said it had been reported to him that the incidence of heart attacks with Avandia could be as many as 60,000 to 100,000 from 1999 to 2006. He did not cite the source of the numbers, and experts say it is difficult to make such estimates across a broad population. The FDA's Zawisza said a relationship between Avandia and that number of events had not been established. "We don't have data to support such a conclusion," she said. GlaxoSmithKline spokeswoman Mary Anne Rhyne said Grassley's use of the estimate was "irresponsible." "They are extrapolations of extrapolations, and do not reflect reality. If these numbers were true, we would have seen them clearly" in long-term studies and databases of real-world use, she said. Glaxo has said Avandia's cardiovascular safety is similar to other oral diabetic drugs, and the benefits of treatment outweigh the risks. The FDA is continuing to review data on Avandia and plans to ask an advisory panel of outside experts for input. The Union of Concerned Scientists and several consumer groups wrote the FDA on Friday urging officials to chose advisers with no financial ties to Glaxo for the past 36 months. "By staffing the Avandia advisory committee with scientists from diverse specialties who are non-conflicted, you will send a message that the FDA cares about avoiding conflicts of interest and evaluating drugs on the basis of unbiased scientific findings," the letter said.

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